There are quite a number of hikers who have suffered the effects of heat stroke, of which is preventable by all means. While some experienced hikers understand the do’s and don’ts of hiking in summer, newbies are always confused on what to do. If you are an intermediate or newbie hiker who desires to stay safe, this guide will definitely be quite helpful.
Heat stroke is much serious than heat exhaustion. It is characterized by temperatures of the body rising to an extent that it can’t handle, and this can lead to brain to fail and even death if left untreated. Some of the signs and symptoms include strong pulse, muscle cramps, and heavy sweating that stops suddenly.
There will be plenty of things that will go right just because you followed these tips. Naturally, everyone wants to have fun when they go out there; and listed here are some of the must-do that you should never forget.
How to prevent heat stroke?
This is considered one of the most recommended methods that you can use to prevent heat stroke in summer as a climber. To begin with, your body is designed in such a way that it can accommodate different temperatures over time. You should start early and proceed with the climbing. By the time the temperatures go up, your body will definitely adjust accordingly. In this case you should be psychologically prepared and physically fit, as it’s the only way you can stay focused to reach the summit.
Carry water bottle with some ice
If you happen to carry water bottle with some ice cubes in it, the chances of heat stroke having detrimental effect on you are quite minimal. Of course the ice will melt as you go up the peak, but at least the water will be cool enough to lower your body temperature. As a matter of fact, you should carry enough water for drinking. It goes without saying that it is suicidal to go mountain climbing in summer without some drinking water!
Head cover - hat
It is a common knowledge that having a hat in summer will prevent extreme rays from landing on your head. Further, it will keep your head covered simultaneously lowering down the body temperature. If you forget to come with a hat, then don’t forget carrying the water. If you don’t have either of the two, it will be pretty difficult for you to reach the summit of even the shortest trail. Importantly, choose a hat that has good aeration, made of top-notch materials, and can cover a wide area. In this way, you will have saved yourself a ton of trouble.
Light long-sleeve shirts
This is probably one of the tactics that are often overlooked by so many hikers, and little do they know that long sleeves will prevent sunlight from directly coming in contact with your skin. However, the material of the shirt should be lightweight in nature and a color that reflects light. You are advised to consider color too, and go for those that do not absorb heat. Remember, trapped sweat can keep you a little cooler; thus, prevents heat stroke in the long run. However, during your stops, ensure that you clean your shirt before bacteria invade it.
Waterproof sun cream
This is great for ladies who really are out there hiking in summer. It helps a great deal in regard to having heat-stroke associated dangers, and helps you go on hiking irrespective of the temperatures. Of course you should do some research to help you know which specific product would be ideal. In as much as these products come in handy, do not overuse them as you never know the effects they can have on your skin. Lastly, try to consult those who use them before making your personal choice.
In summer, hikers will always feel thirsty and dehydrated when they are climbing not-so-steep slopes. Experts have always recommended water and should be taken the moment you start feeling thirsty. Further, there are drinks that you can use when you feel dehydrated and still get positive results. For instance, milk is good because of its mineral contents and salt. However, take in small amounts that will keep you going. Do not over drink milk on trails as it might not be able to fully replace the electrolytes when you are seating and having fun climbing your favorite mountain.
It is vital to know what causes heat stroke - its main sign and symptoms, and understand the basic methods you can use to prevent it. Remember, the best way to counter these issues is by staying cool all the time while you climb the mountain. Also, do not forget to carry a first aid kit just in case something goes wrong.